The main reason to create a child theme is so that your edits do not get overwritten when doing any sort of updates to your main (parent) theme. The steps are fairly simple.

This example is for the Twenty Sixteen theme.

Navigate into your themes folder.

cd /<your_website_root_folder>/wp-content/themes/

Create a child directory within your themes folder and cd into it.

mkdir twentysixteen-child; cd twentysixteen-child

Create two files, style.css and functions.php.

Create style.css

Note: Update the appropriate fields.

/*
 Theme Name: Twenty Sixteen Child
 Theme URI: http://itsmetommy.com/twentysixteen-child
 Description: Twenty Sixteen Child Theme
 Author: Tommy Elmesewdy
 Author URI: http://itsmetommy.com
 Template: twentysixteen
 Version: 1.0.0
 License: GNU General Public License v2 or later
 License URI: http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html
 Tags: light, dark, two-columns, right-sidebar, responsive-layout, accessibility-ready
 Text Domain: twentysixteen-child
*/

/* Your code goes below this line */

Create functions.php

<?php
add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'theme_enqueue_styles' );
function theme_enqueue_styles() {
    wp_enqueue_style( 'parent-style', get_template_directory_uri() . '/style.css' );

}
?>

Now go to your WordPress Dashboard > Appearance > Themes. You will notice that you now have a new theme called Twenty Sixteen Child.

WARNING: I ended up having to redo my Colors and Widgets once I activated the new child theme

Click Activate.

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